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A Basic Guide to Your Pet’s Veterinary Needs [Infographic]

A Basic Guide to Your Pet’s Veterinary NeedsImage courtesy of Infographic Journal

Got Worms? Parasites in your Dog or Cat

Worms for dogs and catsHow many worms are there?

There are many types of internal parasites that cause problems in dogs and cats. These include nematodes or roundworms, of which intestinal roundworm and heartworm are the most common. Tapeworm and hookworm are also a part of this group. Only intestinal roundworm and tapeworm are visible by the human eye and can often be seen in stool.

Are these infections serious in the dogs (or cats)?

Because worms can cause symptoms like diarrhea and anemia they can be a risk to your puppy or kitten. Hookworms can cause anemia and roundworms can lead to poor growth and development.

Intestinal parasites are only occasionally life-threatening in adult dogs and cats, and are usually seen in debilitated animals or those that are immunosuppressed.

Heartworm disease is a major life-threatening problem. Heartworm disease is considered to be one of the most serious conditions seen in small animal veterinary practice.

Because all worms can cause long term and short term issues, it is best to get them immediately treated. If you are not sure if your pet has worms, get them tested during their annual checkup.

What will happen if my dog (or cat) gets worms?

Roundworms
Roundworms can stunt a puppy’s growth, cause serious digestive upsets and result in excessive gas. These puppies have a characteristic ‘pot bellied’ appearance. Nematodes (aka. roundworms) are free-living in the intestines. They do not require an intermediate host to spread from dog to dog, but can be transmitted from dog to dog via infective eggs shed in the feces. Most puppies get Roundworms in-utero. Often laying dormant in the mother, they will pass right through the mothers tissue into the puppies. They can also be transmitted through the mothers milk during nursing.

Hookworms
Hookworms are more common in dogs than cats.  Hookworms can be transmitted in-utero, through nursing, through stool-contaminated soil and through ingestion (ie. eating infected stool).  The larvae can enter the animal through their skin, usually through the mouth or feet. This can often result in eczema and a secondary bacterial infection due to their burrowing. They are most dangerous to puppies because they feed on blood which can leave the puppy anemic.

Whipworms

Whipworms are more often seen in dogs than cats. They are small worms, usually only ¼” (6 mm) long, that live in the large intestine, where they cause irritation and inflammation. Symptoms of whipworm infection include chronic watery diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, and weight loss. Whipworms are very hard to diagnose and can often be missed in tests. If your dog has mucous covered stool, along with weight loss, you may want to get them tested. If the test is inconclusive the vet may want to treat for Whipworm prophylactically.

Tapeworms

For your dog or cat to get tapeworm they have to eat an infected flea or infected rodent. Tapeworm will not pass directly from one animal to another.

The most common tapeworm causes few problems in the adult host but can result in digestive upsets and can stunt growth in puppies.

Tapeworms cannot be treated with over the counter medication, so do not waste your time. If you suspect your dog or cat has Tapeworm get them to the vet for a stool sample. You may be able to see evidence of Tapeworm in your pets stool. They will look like little grains of rice.

Heartworms
The typical clinical signs of heartworm infection are fatigue, coughing and poor physical condition. Heartworms are large worms reaching 6-14 inches (15-36 cm) long. They are primarily located in the right ventricle of the heart and adjacent blood vessels.

Heartworm is very difficult to detect. Both dogs and cats of any age or breed are susceptible.  The good news is you can get tested for it and you can take preventative action such as Heartgard.

Treatment

There are many over the counter treatments for worms, but most are ineffective. The best option is to talk to come into VetCo and find out what treatments are available for your dog or cat.

Do worms affect humans?

Yes! Some worms can affect humans and therefore should be treated seriously. Bring your dog or cat into Vet-Co today to get tested!

 

How to Choose the Right Dog Food for your Precious Canine Friend

8713418-dachshund-dog-eating-dog-food-out-of-her-dishBeing a pet lover, you want to provide your dogs with the best food in the market. There is a wide array of dog food offers in the market, all of them promising positive results for your canine friend. You want to give the best food for your pet. The variety of dog food offers, however, makes you more confused than enlightened.

The truth is this. Dogs have distinct needs. This is why you have to take time out from your busy schedule to go to your favorite local store and determine the right food for your canine friend. Online shopping may be convenient, but nothing beats seeing, touching, reading, and scrutinizing a product before purchase.

Things you need to consider in choosing the right dog food.

1. Age group of your dog

As soon as you reach the store go directly to the aisle selling food for the age group of your dog. There are three categories, the puppies, adults, and elders.

2. Brand name

There are well-known brands you may have heard from your friends and relatives. See the products included in their merchandise and take time to read the label.

3. Ingredients

Like humans, all-natural foods are the best for health and wellness. Dog food manufacturers are aware of this so you can easily get one for your dog. Think twice before choosing a pack with artificial colors and preservatives.

4. Flavor

Dogs are meat lovers. They are carnivorous. If you want them to enjoy their meal, the best choices for flavors are lamb, liver, beef, and chicken. You can go for salmon, too as an alternative. Avoid buying packs that read meat by-product.

5. Texture

Dry food is convenient and clean. Just place the tiny bits of food in your dog bowl and let your dog devour it through the meal. There are no mess, no spills, and the bowl is easier to clean.

6. Color

Choose a product with soft colors of the earth; Strong hues indicate additional chemicals and preservatives.

7. Price

You have the means to buy the most expensive dog food as you love to pamper your precious pet. High price alone, however, cannot guarantee the good appetite and health of your pet. The same is true with cheap offers. You must not be attracted to large discounts.

8. Others

Your furry friends may have some allergies you may or may not be aware of. Always keep an eye on what you are giving to your dog.

Keeping all these factors in mind, you may now head for your pet supply store and look for the right dog food for your pets. Scrutinize the product before purchase. Your dog deserves the best.


This article was written by Artchee Mendoza exclusively for this site. Artchee also writes for www.paws-unleashed.com, Dog Grooming Charlotte NC.

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The information provided on this website is written by Vetco staff. All information is meant to be informational and is not meant as veterinary advice. If you have a health question regarding your pet, their treatment or anything concerning their veterinary care, please call Vetco to consult with a veterinarian.