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What You Should Know About Papillon’s

veterinarian papillon albuquerque

veterinarian papillon albuquerquePapillon are  popular speciality breed dog. They are popular because they are cute little toy dogs with fluffy coats and adorable little faces.

They weigh 7-10 pounds and can live up to 20 years.

Did you know that the word papillon means butterfly in French? Likely because of their wing-like ears and their spunky and fun personality, Papillon’s are great dogs.


How Friendly Are They? Incredibly! They are smart and easy to train, but they are also gentle and patient. They make great indoor dogs but are known for being a little difficult to house train.

Papillons are not known for a lot of barking and are good with cats and kids. But like any dog, they need exercise and can become aggressive if they have too much pent up energy.

Exercise Needs:

These cute little dogs have lots of energy. They need people to play with them, and taking them out of the house for a run around the park or yard is highly encouraged.


Grooming Needs:

They don’t have undercoats, which makes Papillon’s easy to groom. Their coat shed an average amount but their coat doesn’t typically mat or tangle. Regular brushing will take care of any shedding issues.

Just like any dog, you will need to brush their teeth regularly. This breed is prone to tartar build up which can lead to gum disease and tooth loss. Make sure to bring them into Albuquerque Vetco for their annual dental cleaning.


Health Problems:

These cute dogs are generally pretty healthy. But like any dog they have a few health concerns to be aware of:

  • Luxated patella (kneecap problems, generally on the hind legs)
  • Anesthesia sensitivity
  • Fontanel (soft spot or opening on the top of the skull)
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) – Testing for PRA is available for papillons. The gene mutation for the condition was discovered by researchers at Michigan State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine (PDF). If you plan to obtain a papillon from a breeder, ask if this test has been performed on your potential pet or the parents. We do not offer testing at our clinic.

Once you get your Papillon, make sure to bring them into the clinic for a checkup, their annual vaccines and their microchip. You can speak to our vets about any dietary needs and health concerns you may have.

How to Remove Mats From a Long-Haired Cat

albuquerque hair mats

albuquerque hair matsDid you know that long hair cats can get mats so bad that they need veterinary attention? Mats can restrict movement and cause your cat pain. But sometimes removing them is tricky.

Do you have advice on removing my long-haired cat’s mats?


Why cats get mats?

Long hair cats can get mats for a variety of reasons. Understanding these reasons can sometimes help you prevent them from getting mats in first place.

  1. Older cats – sometimes older cats have difficulty bathing parts of their body, like their backs and bums. Just like us, it gets harder to bend and move as we get older. If your cat is older, speak to your vet about dietary things you can do to help with arthritis, and exercises you can do with your cat to improve their mobility.
  2. Overweight cats – If your cat is overweight, this can make it harder for them to reach certain areas of their body for cleaning. Speak with your vet about getting your cat on a low fat diet. Losing weight will help with the mobility, which will reduce mats.
  3. Sick cats – If you have a sick cat, they may not be able to bathe themselves properly.
  4. Lots of fur – some cats just have an incredible amount of fur and even if they are bathing properly they can still develop mats.

What are mats?

Mats are just clumps of hair that have gotten knotted over time. If left alone they continue to get bigger. Often times mats are a mix of hair, dust and dander.

Dangers of mats

  • Mats can cause restricted movement if they are around your cat’s legs.
  • Odor. Mats hold dirt and bacteria, they can get smelly if left alone.
  • Skin irritation from pulling on the skin.
  • Infection from prolonged skin irritation
  • Housing for fleas. Mats are a great place for fleas to live.

How to remove mats?

  • Brushing is the best way to remove mats.
  • Get a detangler spray for really bad mats. You can also try a little bit of talcum powder in the mat to help separate the hair.
  • Use a comb. If it is a bad mat try using a comb instead of a brush. You have more control and can brush out smaller areas at a time.
  • Brush from the outside in. Start at the outside edge of the mat and untangle it moving inwards. You will not be able to brush out a mat by starting at the biggest part. Plus starting at the biggest part can be very painful for your pet.
  • Hold the mat in one hand while brushing with the other. By holding it, if you can, you can reduce the amount of pulling on your pet’s skin.
  • DO NOT add water to the mat, this can cause it to tighten and make it harder to remove.
  • If all else fails you can use an electric razor to cut out the mat.

Regular combing will help prevent mats from developing. If your cat is prone to mats, we recommend getting a grooming comb and make combing a part of your cat’s regular schedule.



Why Do Cats Drool?

albuquerque cat nail biting

albuquerque cat nail bitingJust because cats don’t drool as much as dogs doesn’t mean they don’t drool. Most cat lovers have encountered a cat that drools and sometimes this can lead us to ask, why?

Most of the time if a cat is drooling it means there is something wrong. It often indicates a medical problem such as:

  • Dental disease
  • Kidney failure
  • Exposure to toxins or poison
  • Trauma
  • Choking or swallowing a foreign body
  • Cancer

Sometimes cats will drool when they are happy and relaxed. Their mouth relaxes and therefore some drool escapes. But this is not very common.  Drool in dogs is normal. Drool in cats is not. If your cat starts drooling, call your Albuquerque veterinarian immediately.

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8200 Menaul Blvd NE #R Albuquerque, NM 87110 Phone: (505) 292-3030

Veterinarian Clinic Website: www.vetconm.com


The information provided on this website is written by Vetco staff. All information is meant to be informational and is not meant as veterinary advice. If you have a health question regarding your pet, their treatment or anything concerning their veterinary care, please call Vetco to consult with a veterinarian.